Colon Cancer Treatment in Indore
Colon cancer develops when tumorous growths develop in the large intestine. It is now the third most common type of cancer.
The colon, or large intestine, is where the body draws out water and salt from solid wastes. The waste then moves through the rectum and exits the body through the anus.
Colorectal cancer, which describes co-occurring colon cancer and rectal cancer, is also common. Rectal cancer originates in the rectum, which is the final several inches of the large intestine, closest to the anus.
In this article, we look at how to recognize and treat colon cancer, why it develops, and how to prevent it.
Colon cancer often causes no symptoms in the earliest stages. However, symptoms may become more noticeable as it progresses.
These signs and symptoms may include:
- diarrhea or constipation
- changes in stool consistency
- loose, narrow stools
- blood in the stool, which may or may not be visible
- abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, or gas
- continual urges to defecate despite passing stools
- weakness and fatigue
- unexplained weight loss
- irritable bowel syndrome
- iron deficiency anemia
If cancer spreads to a new location in the body, such as the liver, it can cause additional symptoms in the new area.
There are different ways of assigning a stage to cancer. The stages indicate how far cancer has spread and the size of any tumors.
In colon cancer, the stages develop as follows:
Stage 0: Also known as carcinoma in situ, at this point, the cancer is in a very early stage. It has not grown farther than the inner layer of the colon and will usually be easy to treat.
Stage 1: Cancer has grown into the next layer of tissue but has not reached the lymph nodes or any other organs.
Stage 2: Cancer has reached the outer layers of the colon, but it has not spread beyond the colon.
Stage 3: Cancer has grown through the outer layers of the colon, and it has reached one to three lymph nodes. It has not spread to distant sites, however.
Stage 4: Cancer has reached other tissues beyond the wall of the colon. As stage 4 progresses, colon cancer reaches distant parts of the body.
Treatment will depend on the type and stage of the colon cancer. A doctor will also take the age, overall health status, and other characteristics of the individual into consideration when deciding on the best treatment option.
There is no single treatment for any cancer. The most common options for colon cancer are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
The aim of treatment will be to remove cancer, prevent its spread, and reduce any uncomfortable symptoms.