Best Colonoscopy in Indore
A colonoscopy is a procedure that enables gastroenterologists to evaluate the inside of the colon (large intestine or large bowel).
The colonoscopy is a four-foot-long, flexible tube about the thickness of a finger with a camera and a source of light at its tip. The tip of the colonoscope is inserted into the anus and then is advanced slowly, under visual control, into the rectum, and through the colon usually as far as the cecum, which is the first part of the colon. Usually, it also is possible to enter and examine the last few inches of the small intestine (terminal ileum).
Why is Colonoscopy done?
Colonoscopy may be done for a variety of reasons. The vast majority of colonoscopies are performed as part of screening programs to diagnose colon cancer. When done for other reasons, it is most often done to investigate the cause of
- Blood in the stool,
- Abdominal pain,
- A change in bowel habit, or an abnormality found on colonic X-rays or computerized axial tomography (CT) scan.
Individuals with a previous history of polyps or colon cancer and certain individuals with a family history of some types of non-colonic cancers or colonic problems that may be associated with colon cancer (such as colonic polyps) may be advised to have periodic colonoscopies because their risks are greater for polyps or colon cancer.
How often should one undergo a colonoscopy depends on the degree of the risk for cancer and the abnormalities found at previous colonoscopies. One widely accepted recommendation has been that even healthy people at normal risk for colon cancer should undergo colonoscopy at age 50 and every 10 years thereafter for the purpose of removing colonic polyps before they become cancerous
What Should I Expect When my Colonoscopy is Done?
Patients will be kept in an observation area for an hour or two post-colonoscopy until the effects of medications that have been given wear off. If patients have been given sedatives before or during colonoscopy, they may not drive, even if they feel alert. Someone else must drive them home since their reflexes and judgment may be impaired for the rest of the day, making it unsafe to drive, operate machinery, or make important decisions.
Should patients have some cramping or bloating, this can be relieved quickly with the passage of gas, and they should be able to eat upon returning home. After the removal of polyps or certain other manipulations, the diet or activities of patients may be restricted for a brief period of time.
Prior to the patient’s departure from the coloscopic unit, the findings can be discussed with the patient. However, at times, a definitive diagnosis may have to wait for microscopic analysis of biopsy specimens, which usually takes a few days.