Ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach or small intestine. They are often caused by a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Other causes include the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen, and stress.
Symptoms of an ulcer can include:
- Stomach pain: This is the most common symptom of an ulcer. The pain is often described as a burning or gnawing sensation in the middle of the abdomen. It may be worse after eating or at night.
- Nausea: This is another common symptom of an ulcer. It may be accompanied by vomiting.
- Indigestion: This is a feeling of fullness or discomfort after eating.
- Weight loss: This can occur if an ulcer is causing pain or indigestion, making it difficult to eat.
- Bleeding: This is a serious symptom of an ulcer. It can cause black, tarry stools or blood in the vomit.
- Fever: This can occur if an ulcer is infected.
When to see a doctor
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of an ulcer, it is important to see a doctor. Ulcers can be serious and can lead to complications, such as bleeding, perforation, and infection.
Treatment for an ulcer
The treatment for an ulcer depends on the cause. If the ulcer is caused by H. pylori, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. If the ulcer is caused by NSAIDs, the doctor may recommend that you stop taking them. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat an ulcer.
There are a few things you can do to help prevent ulcers, such as:
- Avoid smoking: Smoking can increase your risk of developing an ulcer.
- Avoid drinking alcohol: Alcohol can irritate the lining of the stomach and increase your risk of developing an ulcer.
- Avoid taking NSAIDs: NSAIDs can irritate the lining of the stomach and increase your risk of developing an ulcer.
- Get vaccinated against H. pylori: There is a vaccine that can help protect you from H. pylori.
- Eat a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet can help to keep your digestive system healthy and reduce your risk of developing an ulcer.
- Manage stress: Stress can increase your risk of developing an ulcer. Finding ways to manage stress, such as exercise, relaxation techniques, and spending time with loved ones, can help to reduce your risk.
If you have any concerns about your risk of developing an ulcer, be sure to talk to your doctor. Consult the best Gastroenterologist for the best stomach ulcer treatment in Indore.